Do you feel a sharp pain in your teeth when you eat or drink something hot? Does the thought of biting ice cream or a cold, hard apple make you shiver? When your teeth are sensitive, doing certain things such as brushing and flossing and eating certain foods can cause sharp but temporary pain in your teeth.
Tooth sensitivity is a common problem in society that affects numerous people. This sharp and uncomfortable pain is not continuous and occurs at certain intervals of time, and often disappears with proper care. Join StrAIberry to learn about tooth sensitivity, its cause, and how to get rid of it.
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What is tooth sensitivity?
Tooth sensitivity, also known as dentin allergy, is one of the most common dental problems. This complication can occur over time due to problems such as gingival resorption or enamel wear. Most people who suffer from tooth sensitivity are between 20 and 50 years old. This problem usually starts when the soft inner part of the tooth, called the “dentin”, appears due to wear of the enamel layer or weakening of the gums.
When dentin appears, external stimuli (such as cold drinks) can easily irritate nerves deep inside the tooth structure, causing severe, short-term pain in the sensitive tooth. Only a dentist can diagnose the problem of tooth sensitivity in you. In general, you should always keep in touch with your dentist when you suffer from any pain in your teeth.
What are the reasons underlying tooth sensitivity?
Common causes of tooth sensitivity include:
- Brushing too hard: If you brush your teeth too hard, you may damage your enamel or gums, and by eroding the surface of the enamel, the tooth roots are more exposed to external factors.
- Cracked or broken teeth: A crack or fracture in the teeth can cause the dentin under the enamel to be exposed to external factors and is no longer fully protected by the enamel. The site of fracture may be filled with bacteria or plaque, resulting in inflammation of the tooth nerve.
- Bruxism: Pressing your teeth against each other and grinding your teeth over time will cause the enamel to wear out, eventually causing the dentin to be exposed to external factors and your teeth to become sensitive.
- Gum disease: Gum disease leads to tooth decay and enamel loss. Gum disease can also lead to a gum infection, which can invade the roots of the teeth and cause the gum tissue to decay.
- Regularly eating or drinking acidic foods and beverages
- Tooth decay
You may also feel that your teeth have become sensitive after some dental treatments, such as teeth whitening, fillings, veneers, restorations, and scaling. Such dental allergies are always temporary. Be sure to see your dentist if your tooth sensitivity does not end after 4 to 6 weeks.
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Tooth sensitivity treatment
- Dental control and treatments
The first thing you need to do to solve your problem is to see your dentist. Explain your symptoms to your dentist and tell them when your dental allergies started and what made them worse, and also tell your dentist if something special, such as a warm compress, aggravates your teeth.
After the dentist checks your teeth and determines the cause, he will treat the chief cause of your tooth sensitivity. Treating your problem may be simply repairing a tooth decay or replacing one of your old fillings. If your tooth sensitivity is due to gingival resorption and root exposure, you need to talk to a periodontist (gum disease) to consider a gum grafting to protect your tooth root.
- Use of products for dental allergies
Even if the root cause of your tooth sensitivity is unknown, there are still many treatments that can help eliminate or control your tooth sensitivity. You can go to the dentist’s office to have fluoride gel applied to your teeth. This enamel gel strengthens your teeth and reduces the feeling of pain caused by tooth sensitivity.
Toothpaste for sensitive teeth blocks the heads of nerve branches in the dentin. Sometimes it is necessary for you to use toothpaste for sensitive teeth regularly to see positive results within two weeks. Your dentist may recommend that you apply special toothpaste for sensitive teeth immediately after brushing.
- Other treatments
See a dentist if you are concerned about your dental allergies. Your dentist can diagnose the cause of your toothache and sensitivity by checking and evaluating your teeth. Depending on your circumstances, your dentist may suggest one of the following methods.
Fluoride: Your dentist may apply fluoride to certain areas of your teeth to strengthen your enamel and reduce the pain of tooth sensitivity. Your dentist may also prescribe fluoride at home.
Bonding: In some rare cases, the root is exposed to external factors and aches when biting or drinking. These cases are treated by resin bonding (dental composite), and the surface of the tooth that has become sensitive can be covered with composite. To do this, the dentist applies local anesthesia to the tooth.
Gum grafting with surgery: If your gums are decayed and the root is not protected by the gums, some gingival tissue can be grafted to this area from another area in the mouth. In addition to repairing and treating the gums, this protects the tooth root and eliminates tooth sensitivity.
Root canal treatment: If dental sensitivity causes nerve pain inside the tooth and other treatments are not effective, your dentist will probably recommend root canal treatment. The root canal is used to treat problems that involve the soft tissue inside the tooth (tooth nerve). Although this treatment seems to be supersensitive, this method is the most effective approach to relieving dental allergies.
- Home care
Regardless of what is causing your tooth sensitivity, there are many ways to care for sensitive teeth and control their pain at home.
- Use anti-allergic toothpaste. These kinds of toothpaste contain substances that prevent the feeling of cold or extreme heat from reaching the nerve near the teeth.
- Use a soft toothbrush that is gentle on both your teeth and gums and does not damage them.
- Use fluoride mouthwashes.
- Avoid acidic foods and drinks such as tea, tomatoes, and citrus.
- Maintain good oral hygiene by brushing twice a day and flossing once a day.
Given the fact that dental treatments cost a fortune, prevention is the best approach. The best way for saving teeth from getting worse is to maintain a proper dental routine. You can use StrAIberry app to create a dental routine.
By using StrAIberry, you can set reminders for all of your necessary dental practices, do some free checkups, and follow your dental hygiene progression. Overall, StrAIberry is the solution for your dental hygiene.
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