Why do my gums bleed?

Bleeding gums when brushing or flossing has happened to many people and can be worrying. Bleeding gum is common in people and may have different causes. By keeping proper practices of oral hygiene, brushing twice a day, flossing daily, rinsing your mouth with mouthwash, and finally having every six months of dental checkups, you can get rid of bleeding gums. Follow StrAIberry to know the reason for bleeding gums and ways to treat and prevent it.


Bleeding gums

Bleeding gums can have many causes. Sometimes these hemorrhages indicate a specific disease in the gums, and it is better to take necessary follow-up the minute you see it. Sometimes it is due to a lack of minerals and vitamins or not paying enough attention to oral hygiene. In general, bleeding gums can come from the following reasons:


  • Gingivitis

When we do not pay attention to oral health, we pave the way for plaque formation. The reason for plaque formation is the activity of bacteria and minerals in foods and saliva. Plaque can grow on the teeth and grow more. If this happens, the gums will hurt, and gum disease or infection may develop.

Having a standard dental care routine can prevent plaque formation and prevent it from progressing. Dental care can also prevent tooth decay and cavities. If you do not brush or floss properly, plaque can develop up to and below the gum line.

If you do not take suitable steps to eliminate the plaque in time, it can harden and turn into tartar, which is a rougher version of the dental plaque. Together, these problems can lead to severe gum infections and gingivitis.


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Symptoms of gingivitis include the following:

  • Swelling of the gums
  • Moderate to severe pain in the mouth and around the gums
  • Bleeding gums


  • Periodontitis

Periodontal disease (periodontitis) is an advanced and more serious version of gingivitis. If you do not treat the primary gum infection in time, you will be prone to periodontitis. Periodontal disease is a severe infection of the gums that attacks the jaws and supporting tissues of the teeth. Periodontitis, in addition to bleeding from the gums, can cause the teeth to loosen or fall out.


  • Vitamin deficiency

Vitamin deficiency is one of the reasons that can cause bleeding gums. Vitamins involved in this problem include:


  • Vitamin C Deficiency

This vitamin helps tissues grow and repair, wounds heal, and bones and teeth become stronger. If your body does not get enough vitamin C, you may feel weak and irritable. Over time, your gums may become swollen and bleed easily.


  • Scurvy

In rare cases, severe vitamin C deficiency leads to scurvy. Scurvy comes from malnutrition and causes weakening of the body, anemia, and subcutaneous bleeding. Bleeding gums is one of the symptoms of scurvy.


  • Vitamin K deficiency

If you have severe bleeding gums, it may be due to vitamin K deficiency. This vitamin helps blood to coagulate. It is also necessary for bone health. If you do not get enough vitamin K from food or it is not well absorbed, it can cause bleeding problems in the body.

By consuming these foods, you can largely prevent vitamin deficiencies:

Citrus fruits and juices, broccoli, strawberries, tomatoes, potatoes, bell peppers, spinach, lettuce, soybeans, olive oil.


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  • Diabetes

Bleeding or gingivitis can be a sign of type 1 or type 2 diabetes. When you have diabetes, you cannot fight harmful germs in your mouth properly, so you are more likely to get oral infections. High blood sugar in diabetes also makes it harder for the body to heal tissues, which aggravates gum disease.


  • Leukemia

Bleeding gums can also be a sign of leukemia. Leukemia is a type of cancer in which the blood platelets are low. Normally, platelets stop bleeding, but in leukemia, more bleeding occurs due to low platelets.


  • Thrombocytopenia

If your gums bleed while brushing and the bleeding does not stop, your gums may be irritated. It can be a reason for thrombocytopenia too. In the case of thrombocytopenia, your body cannot produce enough platelets for blood coagulation. This condition causes excessive bleeding in various organs of the body, including the gums.


  • Hemophilia

If your gums bleed a lot or do not stop even with small incisions or dental work, you may also have hemophilia or von Willebrand disease. In this condition, the blood does not coagulate properly, so the bleeding continues.

In addition, bleeding gums can occur for the following reasons:

  • Brushing too hard or using hard toothbrush
  • You have recently started flossing (because the gums are not used to it).
  • Taking certain medications such as blood thinners.
  • Gingivitis caused by pregnancy.
  • No size of dentures.
  • Defects in dentures or dental restorations.


Treatment of bleeding gums

Since bleeding gums can be caused by various reasons, treatment is based on the cause of this complication. After bleeding gums, it is best to do the following:

  1. Use medications and antibiotics prescribed by your dentist to treat a bacterial infection.
  2. If your gums are inflamed and sensitive, use soft toothbrushes to reduce the possibility of bleeding gums while brushing.
  3. Having a healthy diet and reducing sugar intake in case of diabetes help keep your gums healthy and away from infections.
  4. Going to the dentist to examine the condition of the mouth and teeth and rinsing and scaling specialized teeth to remove deep plaque around the teeth are necessary measures to treat bleeding gums.


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Ways to prevent gingival bleeding

  1. First and foremost, the best way to prevent bleeding gums is to maintain good oral hygiene, brush your teeth, and floss. Proper brushing and flossing, as well as the use of mouthwash, can eliminate dental plaque and reduce the risk of periodontal disease and gum infection.
  2. To prevent bleeding gums, do not brush your teeth too hard.
  3. See your dentist once every six months or annually to ensure the safety of your gums and teeth, and to treat gingivitis so that it does not turn into periodontal infections.
  4. Avoid smoking and reduce your daily caffeine intake.


StrAIberry app is one of the most reputable mobile applications in the field of dental care that benefits from artificial intelligence and machine learning to plan the health of your teeth and mouth. With this program, you can record the daily steps needed to have healthy teeth and set reminders to perform a dental routine. This program can give your oral care system a special order and even if you forgot, it will remind you of the necessary actions.

Also, free checkups performed by StrAIberry will help you to be aware of the general condition of your oral health and in case of any problem, take the necessary measures to eliminate it.


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