What are the best painkillers for toothache

Toothache can be very upsetting and unbearable. The pain is so excruciating that the person is looking for a way to get rid of it quickly. These remedies may be temporary, but they are enough to relieve the pain for a short time. The use of painkillers is very common amongst people. Join StrAIberry to know the most used painkillers for toothache.


Reasons for toothache

Several factors contribute to toothache, but we can categorize them into two general ones: infection or injury. When the nerves in the root of the tooth are stimulated, you will feel pain in your tooth, and signals are sent to the brain to prevent you from taking actions exacerbating the pain. These actions can include chewing, squeezing the jaws, or eating and drinking sugary foods. Of course, preventing these factors does not solve the main problem. The major reason underlying toothache should be determined for toothache treatment, but you can take some painkillers to get rid of it for a short time.


Painkillers for toothache

Pain control is of considerable importance in dentistry and can affect the outcome of treatment. The primary cause of toothache is usually an inflammatory reaction that activates mediators that lead to pain in soft tissue. Anti-inflammatory painkillers such as ibuprofen are useful painkillers for toothache because pain is usually caused by inflammation. If you are unable to take this type of medication (for example due to an allergy to aspirin), paracetamol is a good alternative as a pain reliever. But do not put aspirin on your teeth. Because aspirin has acidic properties and irritates the gums.

The types of painkillers that your dentist may prescribe include:


  • Salicylic acid (aspirin)

Aspirin is a widely used painkiller. This drug reduces fever and has anti-inflammatory properties. Aspirin also reduces the risk of blood clots and is therefore prescribed to prevent stroke and heart attack. Because this drug dilutes the blood, its use is not recommended to reduce tooth extraction pain. It may have an analgesic effect by acting on the hypothalamus (central effect) or by stopping the production of pain impulses (environmental effect). It can also reduce pain by blocking prostaglandin production by inhibiting the cyclooxygenase enzyme. Aspirin is not recommended for patients who are allergic to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or for people under the age of 16 with asthma or uncontrolled hypertension. Some side effects of this medication include upset stomach, indigestion, or nausea.


  • Ibuprofen or ketoprofen

Ibuprofen is one of the best painkillers for toothache that does not require a doctor’s prescription. It is one of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) that in some cases, only cause gastrointestinal problems in some patients. It inhibits pain by blocking cyclooxygenase (COX) -1 and COX-2 production. Ibuprofen is commonly used with paracetamol to relieve severe pain and inflammation, especially toothache. Do not take this medicine if you have asthma.


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  • Acetaminophen or paracetamol

Doctors usually prescribe acetaminophen or paracetamol to relieve mild headaches, muscle aches, back pain, fever, and toothache. It is the most used painkiller for toothache. These drugs block the transmission of pain by blocking nerve signals to the brain. Acetaminophen or paracetamol is usually prescribed to patients who are allergic to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and cannot take aspirin or ibuprofen. Overuse of paracetamol (especially with other painkillers) can cause liver damage. If you suffer from liver disease, do not take acetaminophen.


  • Naproxen

Naproxen is another non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that reduces inflammation and relieves pain. This drug is effective in relieving pain by reducing the enzymes that cause inflammation. This enzyme is cyclooxygenase and its isoenzymes. Doctors usually prescribe naproxen for inflammation caused by menstrual cramps, bursitis, gout, arthritis, tendonitis, or ankylosing spondylitis. This drug is also an effective painkiller for toothache. If you have had allergic reactions to aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, you should not take naproxen. Moreover, do not take it more or longer than prescribed; Because it can increase the risk of stroke or heart attack.


  • Co-Kodamol (acetaminophen codeine)

It is a combination of paracetamol and codeine phosphate that is common for temporary pain relief. The action of co-codamol is similar to that of acetaminophen. It reduces the production of prostaglandins, and codeine phosphate mimics the activity of endorphins produced in the spinal cord and brain to reduce pain. Some of the side effects of Co-Kodamol include constipation, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and drowsiness. If you are allergic to codeine or paracetamol or have respiratory depression, asthma, or liver failure, you should not take Co-Kodamol.


  • Diclofenac

Doctors usually use diclofenac to treat mild to moderate pain. Diclofenac is another non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that reduces the amount of pain and inflammation in the body and is stronger than ibuprofen. It is usually used to treat the symptoms of arthritis, menstrual cramps, or migraine headaches, and sometimes as a painkiller for toothache. Side effects of diclofenac include indigestion, diarrhea, headache, drowsiness, nasal congestion, or high blood pressure. This medicine may increase the risk of stroke or heart attack and may cause bleeding in the stomach or intestines. Your doctor should be informed if you have high blood pressure, heart disease, a history of ulcers or bleeding in the stomach, asthma, and kidney or liver disease.


  • Tramadol

Tramadol is one of the drugs used to relieve pain. However, the use of this drug is recommended in very limited cases and under medical care, because it is addictive and, like morphine, causes euphoria. This drug causes a feeling of happiness by blocking the norepinephrine and serotonin receptors, and for this reason, its use is common among young people.

Tramadol is commonly used to relieve moderate to severe pain and is a narcotic analgesic. Tramadol affects the central nervous system. If you have breathing problems, severe asthma, or obstruction in the stomach or intestines, you should not take it. Common side effects of tramadol include headache, dizziness, drowsiness, constipation, nausea, stomach pain, anxiety, or sweating.


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When should I see a dentist?

Oral hygiene is the best way to prevent toothache due to decay, infection, and gum disease. Brushing, flossing regularly, and cleaning your teeth can kill bacteria, plaque, and food particles that can cause problems with your mouth and teeth if you do not clean them. However, in some cases, despite maintaining good oral hygiene, toothache may occur.

If the pain worsens or if the toothache persists despite taking painkillers without a doctor’s prescription, you should see a dentist. Although the patient can find out some of the causes of toothache, it is only possible for the dentist to diagnose some of the complications and causes of toothache, including infection.

Use a toothbrush and floss regularly until you see a doctor, and avoid hot, cold, or sugary foods. Hot and cold compresses are also effective in reducing swelling and inflammation. Diagnosis and treatment of the primary cause of pain by the dentist will eliminate the toothache.


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