Saving teeth from getting worse


Do not wait to get a toothache to take care of your teeth! By following proper oral hygiene and regular check-ups with your dentist, you can prevent tooth decay. Preventing tooth decay is one of the things you can do to ensure your teeth’ health.

Believe it or not, tooth decay is the second most common health problem in the United States after a cold. Although tooth decay is more common in children and adolescents, there is essentially a risk of tooth decay as soon as tooth growth begins in humans. Age does not matter. To protect your teeth, we will tell you about the formation, treatment, and prevention of tooth decay in StrAIberry.


What is tooth decay?

Tooth decay is the pioneer of all dental diseases. As a result, the first step in preventing tooth damage is to prevent tooth decay.

The primary cause of tooth decay is the normal bacteria in your mouth. These bacteria feed on food leftovers in your mouth and produce acids. About 20 minutes after you eat, bacteria, food debris, acid, and saliva build-up plaque in your teeth. If you do not remove these plaques immediately, tooth decay will begin. Over time, these plaques form “tartar” that is much harder to remove. Eventually, these plaques and tartars set the stage for gum disease.

In addition to gum disease, plaque also causes damage to the protective enamel of the tooth resulting in cavities. At first, the cavities are painless. But if left untreated, they will enlarge and cause problems. The surface of the Asian teeth and the interdental surfaces are usually more prone to decay.


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Types of tooth decay

There are generally three types of tooth decay:

  • Root Cavities

Root caries occur when cavities form on the root surface of a tooth.

The first step that dentists take for root cavity treatment is removing any tooth decay. Then, they fill the cavity. If the decay spreads to the pulp, it needs dental denervation to be treated. Since this part of the tooth enamel does not have sufficient protection, tooth decay can spread relatively quickly.

  • Pit and Fissure Cavities

In this type of tooth damage, decay occurs in narrow grooves on the biting surface of the Asian teeth. In the case of early detection, you can treat pit and fissure cavities with some types of fluoride. If the cavity deepens, the dentist should remove the decay and fill the tooth with, or possibly repair, the root canal and crown.

  • Smooth surface cavities

In this type, caries occur on the smooth surface of the tooth. Since this type does not spread quickly, smooth surface cavities are easily treatable. Often, you can wipe away these breakdowns with fluoride treatments, such as gels, toothpaste, varnishes, or fluoride-rich water.


To download StrAIberry app: Android app


How does tooth decay occur?

Bacteria and food cause tooth decay. Damage to the tooth will lead to tooth decay over time. Tooth decay progression follows these steps:


  • Plaque formation

Your mouth is full of all kinds of beneficial and harmful bacteria. These bacteria produce acid after eating, and this acid attack leads to bacterial plaque. If this plaque is not removed from the tooth in the early stages when it is soft, it will become rigid and difficult to remove. Given the fact that the posterior teeth have less access, they are the best place for bacterial growth and plaque formation.

  • Plaque attacks

Plaque is acidic in nature and destroys tooth enamel. Enamel is the rigid and protective layer of teeth. The first step of cavity formation happens when scratches create small and open cavities on the enamel surface. When the enamel breaks down, acid and bacteria begin to cover the dentin surface, the layer after the enamel. This layer is less resistant to acid due to its softness and is more vulnerable.

  • Progression of tooth decay

If the above steps are left untreated, bacteria and acid will continue to destroy deep inside the tooth structure. After the bacteria destroys enamel and dentin, it penetrates the tooth pulp and the inner layers of the tooth, which contain blood vessels and nerves. When caries progresses to this stage, it may result in a bacterial infection that eventually leads to a dental abscess (pus accumulation). At this stage, you will experience symptoms such as severe toothache, tooth sensitivity, and discomfort when pressing on the tooth.


Exacerbating factors of tooth decay

So far, we have found that tooth decay begins with caries. After caries, there are factors that, if left unchecked, can lead to tooth decay and, if left untreated, can lead to toothache. These factors include:

  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Sugary, high-carbohydrate foods that feed on the bacteria in your mouth.
  • No regular brushing and flossing
  • Lack of regular visits to the dentist for screening and follow-up
  • Dry mouth or insufficient saliva secretion. Saliva eliminates harmful foods and sugars for teeth and protects and regenerates tooth enamel.


Preventing tooth decay progression

Brush your teeth. After eating, brush your teeth with fluoride toothpaste. Ideally, it is best to brush after each meal. The use of fluoride toothpaste is essential for oral hygiene. Keep in mind not to brush less than twice a day. It is best to use interdental cleaners to clean the space between the teeth. If you cannot brush your teeth after eating, rinse your mouth. Be sure to consult your doctor for young children’s oral care.

  • It is best to use fluoride mouthwashes regularly to prevent tooth decay. You can consult your doctor to choose the best-suited one for yourself.
  • Use dental sealant. Sealant is a protective plastic coating that fills the grooves and clefts of the teeth, where bacteria and food accumulate. This will cover the chewing surface of the posterior teeth. The use of dental sealant is recommended for all children and adults.
  • See your dentist regularly. A regular dental check-up, scaling, and other treatments can help prevent tooth decay. Be sure to ask your doctor how often you should go for check-ups.
  • Limit your snacks. Eating and drinking expose your teeth to constant attacks, especially in the case of sugary foods. You can lower the risk of tooth damage by reducing your snack.
  • Eat healthy foods. Diet is vital for all aspects of health, oral health included. Foods such as chips and cakes that stick in your mouth for a long time increase the risk of tooth decay. Sweet and processed foods can also damage teeth. Conversely, fresh fruits and vegetables are good choices; because they help saliva secretion and help repair tooth enamel.
  • Antibacterial therapies. Sometimes illnesses and other conditions can make you more susceptible to tooth decay and damage. In these cases, you may want to talk to your doctor about helpful treatments to kill harmful bacteria, such as using antibacterial mouthwashes.


To read more: All about kids dental care


Treatment for decayed teeth

Proper treatment for decayed teeth depends on the damage severity. If the damage is in the early stages, using fluoride-containing varnish and toothpaste can help. But if it leads to cavity formation, the only treatment is removing caries and filling the tooth. There are several ways to do this:


  • Filling teeth

If your tooth needs to be filled, doctors will use a specific tool to empty it at first. Next, they fill your teeth with gold, silver alloy, composite material, or porcelain. Traditionally, metal fillings are used for posterior teeth that are not visible. Porcelain or composite materials are commonly used for front teeth to give them a natural look.

  • Dental veneer

If the decay is severe, it weakens. In these cases, it may need veneers. First, the dentist removes the decayed parts. It then uses a gold or porcelain veneer to fill in the remaining small amount of teeth.

  • Dental denervation (root canal treatment)

If you do not treat the tooth cavity in the early stages, caries results in acute damage to the teeth and surrounding tissues. If nerve damage occurs, it needs root canal treatment. During this process, the dentist removes the pulp and tooth decay. After that, the tooth is covered with silicone material and then filled, the veneer may also be applied to the tooth in the last step.

Oral hygiene is essential. Given that the cost of dental treatment is high, prevention is the best way. Always try to have a daily routine for your oral hygiene. You can ensure your oral by having a healthy diet, using a proper toothbrush, floss and mouthwash, and regular dental checkups. You can use the StrAIberry app to perform dental care and monitor the condition of your teeth. The services of this application include:

  • Providing free dental check-ups
  • A calendar for toothbrush and floss record
  • Answering your questions
  • Introducing dental insurance


To read more:

The best dental insurances

Medical help for a dry mouth

10 Common Dental Problems

Dental care before, during and after pregnancy


  1. whoah this blog is wonderful i really like reading your articles. Keep up the great paintings! You realize, a lot of people are hunting round for this info, you could help them greatly.


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