What toothpaste should I use?

As we all know, having a standard dental routine is essential to maintaining oral health. In the article 10 best practices that can keep teeth and gums healthy, we found out that brushing is one of the actions necessary for teeth health. For brushing, two factors play a fundamental role: choosing the right toothbrush and toothpaste. Due to the wide use of toothpaste, companies produce this product with a great variety and provide oral hygiene to consumers.

In order to choose the best toothpaste suitable for the teeth, it is better to pay attention to some points that StrAIberry will inform about.


What toothpaste is better for oral care?

Despite the wide varieties of toothpaste, it is sometimes difficult for people to choose the right toothpaste for their teeth. Believe it or not, saliva is the best toothpaste. The mouth hosts bacteria and thick and sticky films on the teeth, called biofilms. These bacteria are constantly trying to attach themselves to tooth enamel. At first, the plaques are soft, and there is an opportunity to remove the biofilms from the mouth easily. With proper brushing, biofilms can be removed without needing toothpaste.

Oral saliva contains minerals, arginine, enzymes, and antibacterial and antimicrobial compounds that prevent tooth decay. Nevertheless, this does not mean we do not need toothpaste to clean our teeth. Toothpaste is produced based on the diet habit to prevent the damage that the ingredients in the food can cause to the tooth enamel so that they can provide the most protection for the teeth. In the following, the available types of toothpaste for oral hygiene are explained along with their features.


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  • Fluoride containing toothpaste(anti-caries)

Fluoride is very effective in reducing tooth decay and preventing cavities. Fluoride also helps to treat early caries and improve tooth enamel weaknesses.

Studies show that sodium fluoride (NaF) is the most effective formulation of fluoride, which fortunately is used by most toothpaste manufacturers. Sodium fluoride is combined with hydroxyapatite (a substance that makes up enamel) in part with healthy enamel and fluoride. It produces apatite, which is much more complex and resistant than hydroxyapatite. This way, fluorine can limit acid erosion of enamel and dentin by strengthening enamel.

People with more decayed teeth or whose saliva production has decreased should usually use toothpaste with a higher fluoride concentration.


  • Tartar Control toothpaste

Tartars are formed due to the mineralization of microbial plaque on dental surfaces and can cause gum diseases. Mineralization of the plaque and its hardening (creating tartar) occurs due to saliva’s super-saturation with calcium and phosphate ions.

Some anti-tartar toothpaste interrupts the process of plaque mineralization and its conversion into tartar. This type of toothpaste protects the teeth by having zinc citrate and zinc chloride in their composition. Another mechanism used in anti-tartar toothpaste is the addition of crystal growth inhibitors to reduce and delay plaque formation. Soluble pyrophosphates are an example of these inhibitors added to this type of toothpaste composition. Of course, it should be noted that hard and sticky scales on the surface of the teeth can only be entirely removed by professional scaling by a dentist.


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  • Sensitive teeth toothpaste

This type of toothpaste is usually helpful for people whose teeth are exposed to the oral cavity and whose teeth are sensitive when consuming drinks and hot and cold foods and when brushing.

Sensitive teeth toothpaste works in several ways and reduces tooth sensitivity. Some toothpaste contains potassium nitrate. Potassium nitrate is an FDA-approved anti-allergic substance that reduces the reaction of dental nerves to stimuli such as cold and heat. It does this by depolarizing the terminals of dental sensory nerves and stopping sending pain signals to the brain.

Some anti-allergic toothpaste uses dentin tubule blockers as the primary mechanism of sensitivity control. These substances include strontium chloride, potassium oxalate, potassium nitrate, and sodium citrate, which cause the deposition of mineral compounds in the opening of the dentine tubes that are opened to the oral environment and oral hygiene due to the destruction of enamel or gingivitis, and as a result, tooth sensitivity to reduce significantly.

Keep in mind that these toothpastes only reduce the symptoms of sensitivity. To find the causes of tooth sensitivity and carry out definitive treatment, better to visit a dentist and undergo a clinical and radiographic examination of the teeth.


  • Antibacterial toothpaste

In this type of toothpaste, a substance called Triclosan is used. Triclosan is an antibacterial agent that is effective against many bacteria. This substance is used as an antibacterial agent in America’s deodorant soaps and antibacterial skin scrubs.

Due to the antibacterial properties of Triclosan, it is also used in oral products such as toothpaste and mouthwash. Although the amount of this substance in toothpaste is within the minimum allowed range of 0.3%, however, it is not recommended to use this type of toothpaste a lot.


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  • Whitening toothpaste

These kinds of toothpaste work in two ways:

  • Physical mechanisms (with the help of abrasives)
  • Chemical mechanisms (by bleaching/oxidizing substances)

In the physical method, abrasives remove external pigments from the surface of the teeth. External pigments are formed as dark pigments on the surface of the teeth due to environmental factors such as smoking, foods and drinks, and antibiotics.

Whitening toothpaste with a chemical mechanism contains hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide. Carbamide peroxide is a substance that breaks down in contact with water and turns into urea and hydrogen peroxide. Hydrogen peroxide creates free radicals that contain oxygen and act as active bleaching molecules.

Since whitening kinds of toothpaste have more abrasive materials and their definitive effect on enamel hardness has not yet been determined in research, most dentists do not recommend using this toothpaste for oral hygiene in the long term. Among the abrasive materials in toothpaste, we can mention calcium carbonate, dicalcium phosphate dihydrate, sodium carbonate, and hydrated silica.


How to choose the right toothpaste?

As mentioned above, toothpaste is produced and supplied in different types. When choosing toothpaste, one should consider some points to make a reliable and standard purchase.


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  • Consult the dentist before buying toothpaste

Visiting the dentist and check-ups every few months is one of the most important things that should be done throughout the year. Do not let the teeth and rot get infected; see a doctor. By going to the dentist’s office, everyone will know about the condition of their mouth, teeth, and gums and will know what toothbrushes and toothpaste should buy. The dentist will tell whether a whitening or sensitive toothpaste is needed according to the needs. For example, if teeth are sensitive and one goes for a strong toothpaste specific to another type of tooth, he will face a problem. So even if people buy the best toothpaste, but its type is not compatible with the type of teeth and their needs, they will still not get anywhere in maintaining oral hygiene and dental health.


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  • Read the label and product information carefully.

Always check the information on the toothpaste package carefully. Some kinds of toothpaste are for adults and children over six years old. Some toothpaste should not be used continuously. In other words, some products should not be used as the main and daily toothpaste. Therefore, pay attention to the information on the toothpaste box.


  • Check the ingredients of each toothpaste carefully

Maybe it seems that so much obsession is unnecessary with buying toothpaste. Observing oral and dental hygiene and paying attention to its health is one of the most important things that should be considered during the day. Most toothpaste contains flavorings, sweeteners, and various chemicals. The more ingredients a product contains, the more likely it is that one of the ingredients in it is irritating. So, this point should be remembered, and to reduce the risk of tooth sensitivity or mouth irritation, use toothpaste that does not have many ingredients.


  • Charcoal toothpaste for whitening

Recently, charcoal toothpaste has become very popular. Maybe the presence of charcoal in toothpaste seems a little strange, but it has a good effect on the whiteness and cleaning of teeth. The charcoal particles in this toothpaste absorb dirt and remove stains on the teeth. Of course, using these toothpastes continuously is not recommended because they destroy tooth enamel and expose it to severe risks. With tooth enamel loss, the tooth’s strength and health are seriously compromised.


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