We all probably experience tooth loss due to decay or fracture at some point in our lives. So, knowing how to replace missing teeth helps us make better choices when filling a missing tooth. The best option for filling a tooth gap in each person may vary depending on his condition. Therefore, you should have information about each method and its advantages and disadvantages, and the necessary requirements to perform that treatment. This information is provided to you by StrAIberry.
A dental implant is a small screw-like metal rod inserted into the jawbone and attached to the bone to form a strong base or root to hold the tooth crown. Dental implants can be used as a base for dentures or bridges. This method of replacing missing teeth is done through surgery.
The implantation of dental implants takes several months. Because the bone must have enough time to weld to the implant. However, if you care about the beauty of the smile, you can use the method of immediate implant placement if you have the necessary conditions. It attaches to it so that in the few months you wait for the tissues to heal, the place of the tooth will not be empty.
The first necessary condition for implant placement is the appropriate bone quality and dimensions. However, even if the bone does not have the necessary conditions to hold the implant, you can still do this treatment by transplanting and strengthening the bone.
Another requirement you should meet for surgery is good health. Therefore, those with certain diseases should consult an implant specialist.
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Fixed Implant Bridges
In this method of replacing missing teeth, you no longer need to implant every individual tooth, but instead, you replace some lost teeth with implants and replace several other teeth with artificial crowns (Pontic) that are attached to implants. The number of dental implants required varies depending on the type of implant used and the number of teeth to be replaced.
Implant-based bridges are very similar to conventional fixed bridges that attach to teeth on both sides. The bridge is attached to the implant with glue or screws. Sometimes the dentist may prefer to screw the prosthesis to make it easier to remove. The screw hole in the bridge is covered with a tooth-colored composite resin, so it is not visible.
The durability of this treatment is the same as implant placement. The lifespan of a fixed bridge, usually made of ceramic, is estimated at 5 to 15 years, and the dental implant to which the bridge is attached is more than twenty years.
This is a common way to replace missing teeth and a cheaper alternative to dental implant restorations. A dental bridge is a fixed prosthesis that attaches to the teeth.
This prosthesis consists of two dental veneers on each side, and one or more artificial tooth crowns called pontics in the middle. The crown of the artificial or pontic tooth is placed in the hollow part between the teeth, and the two dental veneers on both sides of the prosthesis are placed on the normal and healthy teeth to keep the pontic in place. These two dental veneers on both sides of the bridge are called the abutment, and the teeth on which these veneers are called abutment teeth.
This treatment, unlike implants and implant-based treatments, does not take long. After examining and molding the teeth, you have to wait a week or two for the restoration to be made in the laboratory. So you will have a tooth in just one or two weeks, and if the dental clinic is equipped with new digital technologies, this period will be even shorter.
The average lifespan of a bridge is 5 to 15 years, and if you take good care of it, it will last longer.
Ordinary dentures are divided into two complete sets of dentures and partial dentures. Those who have lost all or most of the teeth in a dental arch (maxilla or mandible) can use complete dentures, and those who have lost one or more teeth in one jaw can use partial dentures.
This method is a non-fixed prosthesis, which means you can remove it and put it back in your mouth whenever you want. The base of the denture is made of acrylic and is usually pink (similar to the gum color).
Partial dentures usually have metal hooks or clamps around them to hold the prosthesis in place. The complete denture also has a pink acrylic base and is placed on the gums.
The exact time needed to prepare dentures depends on how many teeth you have extracted. Therefore, for those who want to replace one or more teeth with partial dentures, it will be ready very quickly. But it may take about six weeks to three months in case of complete dentures. Because gums and bones need some healing time after tooth extraction.
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The winged bridge, or Maryland, is a prosthesis used only for the front teeth. This prosthesis cannot be used in the back of the mouth, due to fragility and intolerance of jaw pressure. This method of replacing missing teeth consists of a dental crown (pontic) and two fins on either side, with the fins attached to the dorsal surface of neighboring teeth and the pontic tooth sitting in a hollow. The abutment teeth must be healthy and strong to withstand the pressure on the pontic tooth.
If you want to fill in the gaps in your front teeth, a fin bridge is a cost-effective, non-invasive method that does not require surgery or shaving. However, this solution should be considered temporary. Occasionally there is a gap between the ribs and the implant while you wait for the bone and implant to heal.
The main problem with these prostheses is their fracture, which accounts for 57.6% of treatment failure cases. Despite using high-strength ceramics, fractures are a major problem for the Maryland Bridge. Another problem is that the fins loosen or separate from the abutment teeth. Bacteria may penetrate the fin and work in the safe space behind it, causing tooth decay. Also, if the fin is detached, the restoration must be reattached.
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A flipper denture is a temporary partial denture used to repair one or more missing teeth. Its purpose is to temporarily fill in the blanks so that there is no problem with the beauty of the smile as well as the pronunciation. This prosthesis will be ready very soon. Your tooth is usually ready in a day or two.
This prosthesis is designed for temporary use and is not very durable. So, you can use it for a limited time to decide how to replace your lost teeth.
If you plan to replace your damaged teeth or fill in the gaps with a denture, consult your dentist before making any decision. The dentist will check your condition and suggest the best way to replace missing teeth based on your needs, wants, health status, financial status, and the pros and cons of each procedure.